Multi-sport event


A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports between organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance was the modern Olympic Games. Many regional multi-sport events have since been founded and modeled after the Olympics. Most have the same basic structure. Games are held over the course of several days in and around a "host city," which changes for each competition. Countries send national teams to each competition, consisting of individual athletes and teams that compete in a wide variety of sports. Athletes or teams are awarded gold, silver or bronze medals for first, second and third place respectively. The games are generally held every four years, though some are annual competitions. The Tailteann Games, held near modern Telltown in Ireland, was one of the first multi-sport festivals to be recorded, and its history can be traced back to 1829 BC. These games were a thirty-day meeting which included footraces and stone-throwing events among other events. The Ancient Olympic Games, first held in 776 BC, was the precursor to the Modern Olympic Games, although its first edition only featured a footrace and the number of sporting competitions expanded at later editions. There were several other "games" held in Europe in the classical era: Panhellenic Games: The Pythian Games (founded 527 BC) held in Delphi every four years The Nemean Games (founded 516 BC) held in Argolid every two years The Isthmian Games (founded 523 BC) held on the Isthmus of Corinth every two years The Roma

Games Arising from Etruscan rather than purely Greek roots, the Roman Games deemphasized footraces and throwing. Instead, the Greek sports of chariot racing and wrestling, as well as the Etruscan sport of gladiatorial combat, took center stage. Other multi-sport festivals emerged in the Middle Ages in Europe, including the Cotswold Olimpick Games in England in the 1600s, the Highland games in Scotland, and the Olympiade de la Republique in France in the 1800s. [edit]Audience Since the establishment of the Olympics, most serial multi-sport events have been organized for specific audiences and participating countries or communities. These affiliations include: regional, such as the East Asian Games and the South American Games political, such as the Spartakiad and the GANEFO historic or historicultural roots, such as the Commonwealth Games (for members of the Commonwealth of Nations) and the Jeux de la Francophonie (for members of La Francophonie) ethnocultural or ethnoreligious, such as the Pan-Armenian Games (for ethnic communities of Armenians both in Armenia and in other countries) and the Maccabiah Games (for communities of Jews of both ethnic and religious origins) religious, such as the Islamic Solidarity Games and the previously mentioned Maccabiah Games occupational, such as the Military World Games, the World Police and Fire Games and the Universiade physical disabilities, such as the Paralympics, the Deaflympics and the Special Olympics World Games human age, such as the World Masters Games, Commonwealth Youth Games and the Senior Olympics gender and sexual orientation, such as the Women's Islamic Games and the Gay Games